ECONOMIC VIABILITY AND PROSPECTS OF OIL PALM CULTIVATION IN MIZORAM, INDIA

Author:
Vishwambhar Prasad Sati

Doi: 10.26480/trab.02.2023.62.67

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

The oil palm plantation first started in 2005 in Mizoram. Now, the cultivation of oil palm is practiced in the seven districts of Mizoram out of a total of eight districts. The agro-climatic conditions are suitable for growing oil palm in Mizoram. However, the output from its cultivation is not so high. This paper examines the economic viability and prospects of oil palm plantations in Mizoram. Data from two sources – primary and secondary were collected mainly on Oil palm potential areas, changes in the area under oil palm from 2011 to 2021, the status of oil palm cultivation, and farmers with oil palm fresh fruit bunches harvest – production and income. A case study of eight villages in the Mamit and Kolasib districts was carried out and 173 households (12.4% of the total households) were surveyed. A comparison of income earned from cereal crops and oil palm cultivation was carried out. It was noticed that income earned from oil palm was higher than cultivating cereals. Oil palm cultivation obtains potential areas. The arable land under oil palm cultivation is 3.17%, which is substantial. The highest area under oil palm plantations is in three districts – Kolasib, Mamit, and Aizawl. The Champhai district does not practice it. The other districts have scattered oil palm plantations. During 2011 and 2021, the area under oil palm cultivation increased by 24,714 ha. Meanwhile, oil palm growers are facing problems in terms of market facilities. Adequate market facilities can be provided to the oil palm growers. Further, its cultivation can be carried out on degraded land and jhum plots to minimize its negative environmental impact.

Pages 62-67
Year 2023
Issue 2
Volume 4